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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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基于差别易感性模型的儿童问题行为研究综述

A Review on Research of Children’s Problem Behavior Based on Differential Susceptibility Model

中国心理学前沿 / 2024,6(3):319-327 / 2024-04-03 look42 look38
  • 作者: 肖美玲      刘艳     
  • 单位:
    湖南科技大学教育学院,湘潭
  • 关键词: 差别易感性;儿童问题行为;可塑性
  • Differential susceptibility; Children’s problem behavior; Plasticity
  • 摘要: 儿童问题行为是指儿童在发展过程中,由于不能良好地适应社会而表现出的不符合传统社会规范,可能会给儿童带来不利影响,甚至会危害他人或社会的行为。它会对儿童的发展产生重要的影响。差别易感性模型是关于遗传与环境交互作用的主要理论模型之一。它认为对于具有易感性特征的儿童,环境会以更好或更坏的方式影响着儿童的发展。梳理国内外儿童问题行为的发展机制发现,基于差别易感性模型的儿童发展机制研究主要包括行为、生理和基因三个方面。这一研究领域的意义和启示包括三个方面:正确看待儿童的易感性特质、为儿童塑造积极的养育环境,以及重视对儿童问题行为的干预。
  • Children’s problem behavior refers to behaviors that deviate from traditional social norms dueto the inability to adapt well to society during the process of development. It may have adverse effectson children and even harm others or society. It has a significant impact on children’s development.The differential susceptibility model is one of the main model main theoretical models regarding theinteraction between genetics and the environment. It suggests that for children with susceptibility traits,the environment can influence their development in either a positive or negative way. In reviewingthe research on the developmental mechanism of children’s problem behavior at home and abroad, itis found that the research based on the differential susceptibility model mainly includes three aspects:behavior, physiology, and genetics. The significance and implications of this research field include threeaspects: recognizing children’s susceptibility traits correctly, shaping a positive parenting environment forchildren, and emphasizing the intervention of children’s problem behavior.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0603036
  • 引用: 肖美玲,刘艳.基于差别易感性模型的儿童问题行为研究综述[J].中国心理学前沿,2024,6(3):319-327.
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