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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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数学性别刻板印象对人物评价的影响

The Impact of Gender Stereotypes in Mathematics on Character Evaluation

中国心理学前沿 / 2024,6(3):377-386 / 2024-04-03 look39 look41
  • 作者: 李汝勇      张潮     
  • 单位:
    山西师范大学教育科学学院,太原
  • 关键词: 数学;性别刻板印象;人物评价;内隐联想范式
  • Mathematics; Gender stereotypes; Character evaluation; Implicit association paradigm
  • 摘要: 探讨数学性别刻板印象对个体知觉他人、判断他人产生的影响。引入内隐联想范式,采用外显和内隐方法考察大学生数学性别刻板印象对人物评价的影响。实验1采用自我报告的方法检验外显数学性别刻板印象对人物评价影响,结果显示男性能力评价比女性高。刻板印象不一致中,对男女的评价都是高热情;实验2采用实验测量内隐条件下的影响,发现男女被试在评价男性能力词和热情词,反应时有显著差异。被试在对男性反刻板热情消极词反应存在内隐性别差异。
  • Explore the impact of gender stereotypes in mathematics on individuals’ perception andjudgment of others. The implicit association paradigm was introduced, and explicit and implicit methodswere used to examine the impact of gender stereotypes in college students’ mathematics on characterevaluation. Experiment 1 used self-report methods to examine the impact of explicit mathematicsgender stereotypes on character evaluations. The results showed that men have higher ability evaluationsthan women. In the case of stereotype inconsistency, both men and women were evaluated with highenthusiasm. Experiment 2 used experiments to measure the influence under implicit conditions andfound a significant difference in the reaction times of male and female subjects when evaluating maleability words and enthusiasm words. There are implicit gender differences in subjects’ reactions to men’santi-stereotypical enthusiasm and negative words.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0603042
  • 引用: 李汝勇,张潮.数学性别刻板印象对人物评价的影响[J].中国心理学前沿,2024,6(3):377-386.
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