Psychological counseling is a process in which patients get positive psychological improvement with the help of psychological consultants. The theory system of different schools of psychological counseling theory develops rapidly, and different views and explanations on the occurrence and solutions of psychological illness are put forward based on distinct views of human nature and disease. However, there are some limitations and deficiencies in all kinds of psychological therapy theories. And disputes between different theory schools are also remains. So, a new psychological counseling and psychotherapy integrate different theories occurred. Generally, shared factor model believed that the effect of therapeutic may be affected by some common problems, such as counseling relationship, emotional experience. Furthermore, the occurrence of intergation between different theoretical perspectives further supported it. In this study, cognitive alteration, as one of the common factors was explored.