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城区幼儿社会性发展现状调查研究——以某市某幼儿园为例

Investigation and Research on the Status Quo of Children’s Social Development in Urban Areas —A Case Study of a Kindergarten in One City

教育研讨 / 2023,5(4):474-483 / 2023-11-17 look79 look146
  • 作者: 陈颖¹²      邓三英¹²     
  • 单位:
    1.怀化学院教科院,怀化;
    2.武陵山片区基础教育研究中心,怀化
  • 关键词: 城区幼儿;社会性;发展现状;调查研究
  • Urban toddlers; Sociality; Development status; Investigation
  • 摘要: 幼儿社会性是幼儿全面发展中的关键环节,在教育界一直受到诸多学者的关注。本文通过发放调查问卷收集数据,并借助SPSS26.0对数据进行分析,调查结果显示:(1)幼儿社会性在每个维度上的发展水平存在一定差异。其中生活习惯这一维度的得分均值为12.5,在15个维度中发展水平最低;诚实公正、共情和助人维度的得分均值分别为16.39和16.26,在15个维度中发展水平最高。(2)不同性别幼儿社会性发展总体水平存在显著差异(p<0.05),且女性幼儿的社会性发展水平高于男性幼儿的社会性发展水平。(2)不同年龄幼儿社会性发展在总体水平上不存在显著差异(p>0.05),但在内外向性、自我概念、独立性、好胜心以及自尊心五个维度上存在显著差异(p<0.05)。(4)城镇户口幼儿与农村户口幼儿社会性发展总体水平相近,仅在共情和助人、好胜心以及自尊心三个维度上存在显著差异(p<0.05)。(5)独生幼儿与非独生幼儿的社会性发展总体水平存在显著差异(p<0.05),且在共情和助人维度上的差异性达到极其显著水平(p<0.01),在遵守社会规则、内外向性、自我概念、好胜心四个维度上的差异性达到显著性水平(p<0.05)。对此,通过实地观察结合文献分析影响幼儿社会性发展的因素,从家长、幼儿园及社会三方面提出促进城区幼儿社会性发展的有效策略。
  • Children’s sociality is a key link in the comprehensive development of children, and has been concerned by many scholars in the field of education. Through the distribution of questionnaires to collect data, and with the help of SPSS26.0 to analyze the data, from different dimensions to understand the current situation of children’s social development in urban areas, the survey results show that: (1) There are certain differences in the development level of children’s sociality in each dimension. Among them, the average score of the dimension of living habits was 12.5, which was the lowest development level among the 15 dimensions. The average scores of honesty and justice, empathy and helping others were 16.39 and 16.26, respectively, the highest level of development among the 15 dimensions. (2) There were significant differences in the overall level of social development of children of different genders (p<0.05), and the social development level of female children was higher than that of male children. (3) There was no significant difference in the social development of children of different ages (p>0.05), but there were significant differences in the five dimensions of introversion, self-concept, independence, competitiveness and self-esteem (p<0.05). (4) The overall level of social development of urban hukou children and rural hukou children was similar, and there were only significant differences in the three dimensions of empathy and helping, competitiveness and self-esteem (p<0.05). (5) There was a significant difference in the overall level of social development between the only child and the non-only child (p<0.05), and the difference in the dimensions of empathy and helping reached an extremely significant level (p<0.01), and the difference in the four dimensions of compliance with social rules, introversion, self-concept and competitiveness reached a significant level (p<0.05). In this regard, through field observation and literature to analyze the factors affecting the social development of children, effective strategies to promote the social development of children in urban areas are proposed from the aspects of parents, kindergartens and society.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/es.0504068
  • 引用: 陈颖,邓三英.城区幼儿社会性发展现状调查研究——以某市某幼儿园为例[J].教育研讨,2023,5(4):474-483.
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