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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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当代大学生抑郁症污名现状调查研究

Investigation and Research on the Status Quo of Depression Stigma among Contemporary College Students

中国心理学前沿 / 2022,4(8):935-943 / 2022-08-31 look137 look114
  • 作者: 卢文芳¹      黄笑雨¹      吴素梅2      李韦嫦¹      甘瑜¹     
  • 单位:
    1.广西生态工程职业技术学院,柳州;
    2.广西师范大学,桂林
  • 关键词: 大学生;抑郁症;外显污名;内隐污名
  • College students; Depression; Explicit stigma; Implicit stigma
  • 摘要: 目的:探究大学生对抑郁症患者的内隐污名和外显污名现状。方法:内隐测验程序进行改良并编制了三个独立内隐测量SC-IAT,用于测量抑郁症内隐认知、情感和行为污名;同时编制了与内隐测验相对应的语义差异量表,用于测量抑郁症外显污名。结果:抑郁症语义差异量表中认知评价维度的平均得分显著低于中值(t ( 5 6 ) = - 1 1 . 5 0 ,p < 0 .001),情感反应维度上的平均得分显著高于中值(t ( 5 7 ) = 6 . 7 5 ,p <0.001),行为倾向维度上的平均得分显著高于中值(t (57)=10.68,p <0.001);内隐污名上,认知评价、情感反应和行为反应均的D值大于0。结论:在抑郁症内隐污名上,大学生对抑郁症患者存在着消极认知评价情感反应和内隐行为倾向;在抑郁症外显污名上,大学生对抑郁症患者存在消极认知评价,而在情感反应和行为倾向上表现为积极的态度。
  • Objective: To explore the current situation of college students’ implicit and explicit stigma towards depression patients. Methods: The implicit test procedure was modified and three independent implicit measures, SC-IAT, were developed to measure the implicit cognitive, affective and behavioral stigma in depression; the semantic difference scale corresponding to the implicit test was also developed, used to measure explicit stigma in depression. Results: The average score of the cognitive evaluation dimension of the Depression Semantic Difference Scale was significantly lower than the median (t(56)=-11.50, p<0.001), and the average score of the affective response dimension was significantly higher than the median (t(57)=6.75, p<0.001), the mean score on the behavioral disposition dimension was significantly higher than the median (t(57)=10.68, p<0.001); on implicit stigma, cognitive evaluation, emotional response and behavioral response The average D value is greater than 0. Conclusion: In terms of implicit stigma of depression, college students have negative cognitive evaluation of emotional responses and implicit behavioral tendencies to patients with depression; in terms of explicit stigma of depression, college students have negative cognitive evaluation of patients with depression, while college students have negative cognitive evaluation of depression patients. Shows a positive attitude in emotional responses and behavioral tendencies.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0408112
  • 引用: 卢文芳,黄笑雨,吴素梅,等.当代大学生抑郁症污名现状调查研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2022,4(8):935-943.
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