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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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职业女性工作家庭冲突与再生育意愿关系研究

Study on the Relationship between Work-family Conflict and Reproductive Intention of Professional Women

中国心理学前沿 / 2022,4(9):970-979 / 2022-09-19 look54 look30
  • 作者: 于振     
  • 单位:
    郑州师范学院,郑州
  • 关键词: 工作家庭冲突;角色压力;再生育意愿
  • Work-family conflict; Role pressure; Reproductive intention
  • 摘要: 本文为探究职业女性再生育意愿与其所受工作家庭冲突、角色压力的关系,对574位职业女性开展问卷调查。通过量化研究分析发现与职业女性再生育意愿相关的因素包括年龄、已有孩子数量、职业类型、照顾孩子的人群类型、生育期望、自己是否受国家生育政策影响、再生育对自己的重要程度等;工作家庭冲突、工作角色压力、家庭角色压力与生育意愿有关,其中工作对家庭的影响、家庭角色模糊、家庭角色超载、工作角色超载显著负向影响职业女性再生育意愿。最后提出建议,在社会、单位、传媒影响三个层面从缓解家庭工作冲突的角度为提升职业女性的生育意愿提供参考借鉴。
  • In order to explore the relationship between career women’s desire to reproduce and their work-family conflict and role pressure, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 574 career women. Through quantitative research and analysis, it is found that the factors related to the willingness of working women to have another child include age, the number of children they have, the type of occupation, the type of people who take care of children, the expectation of childbirth, whether they are affected by the national fertility policy, and the importance of having another child. Work-family conflict, job role stress and family role stress are related to reproductive intention. Among them, the influence of work on family, family role ambiguity, family role overload and job role overload have a significant negative impact on reproductive intention of career women. Finally, from the perspective of alleviating family and work conflicts, it provides reference for improving the fertility intention of professional women from the three aspects of society, unit and media influence.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0409116
  • 引用: 于振.职业女性工作家庭冲突与再生育意愿关系研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2022,4(9):970-979.
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