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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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失恋会损害与爱情无关的积极事件的记忆

Love Breaking Impairs the Memory of Positive Events Unrelated to Love

中国心理学前沿 / 2023,5(1):10-19 / 2023-01-11 look40 look39
  • 作者: 周绮晴¹²      林慧妍²     
  • 单位:
    1.华南师范大学心理学院,广州;
    2.广东金融学院应用心理学系,广州
  • 关键词: 负面经历;性别;记忆;积极事件;爱情
  • Negative experience; Gender; Memory; Positive events; Love
  • 摘要: 本研究主要考察不同性别以及有无失恋经历的个体在不同类型积极事件记忆上的差别问题。研究采用2(性别:男、女)×2(失恋经历:有、无)×3(图片类型:与爱情有关、与爱情无关及中性)的混合实验设计,实验任务是让有无失恋的男性和女性记住三种类型的图片后进行再认任务。当个体无失恋经历时,男性和女性对于与爱情有关、无关以及中性事件的记忆正确存在显著性差异;但失恋经历会改变不同性别个体对相关事件的记忆模式,使不同性别个体在与爱情无关的积极事件的记忆正确性显著变差。个体的性别和负面经历会影响积极事件的记忆,而这种影响会随着积极事件内容的不同而不同。
  • The previous study was to mainly investigate the the differences in different types of positive event memory among individuals of different genders with and without broken love. A mixed experimental design of 2 (gender: male, female) × 2 (broken love experience: with, without) × 3 (picture type: love-related, love-unrelated and neutral) was adopted. The task was to let males and females with or without broken love experience remember three pictures and then perform the recognition task. When individuals without broken love experience, both males and females did not have the same ability to remember neutral pictures, positive pictures related to love, and unrelated to love. However, love breaking individuals of different genders will change the memory pattern of related events, so that the memory effect of different genders on the positive events unrelated to love will be worse. The influence of individual’s internal characteristics on positive events is influenced by individual’s negative experiences, and this influence will vary with different positive events.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0501002
  • 引用: 周绮晴,林慧妍.失恋会损害与爱情无关的积极事件的记忆[J].中国心理学前沿,2023,5(1):10-19.
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