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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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3~7岁儿童音乐情绪理解的发展特点研究

Study on the Developmental Characteristics of Musical Emotional Understanding in Children Aged 3 to 7 Years

中国心理学前沿 / 2023,5(1):38-52 / 2023-01-12 look52 look37
  • 作者: 赵晓杰      华晓迪      张玉颖     
  • 单位:
    长春人文学院,长春
  • 关键词: 学前儿童;情绪理解;音乐情绪理解;音乐类型;情绪效价
  • Preschool children; Emotional understanding; Music emotional understanding; Music type; Emotional valence
  • 摘要: 为了促进儿童音乐欣赏及审美能力更好地发展,本研究从当前幼儿园音乐欣赏能力的情况出发,以3~7岁儿童为研究对象,通过实验法,将音乐情绪类型、音乐类型和情绪效价作为自变量,探究儿童音乐情绪理解的发展特点。结果表明:(1)3~7岁儿童音乐情绪理解整体水平随年龄的增长而提高,但6岁以上稍有下降;(2)3~7岁儿童的声乐作品识别与积极情绪理解随年龄增长逐渐加强;(3)高唤醒情绪理解在5~6岁识别最强,高唤醒情绪理解强于低唤醒情绪理解;(4)3~7岁儿童音乐情绪理解总体以及在情绪状态理解、音乐类型、情绪效价和情绪唤醒度上,女孩的情绪理解均强于男孩。未来研究对于音乐情绪类型选择与样本量可以更加多元化。
  • In order to promote the better development of children’s music appreciation and aesthetic ability, this study starts from the current situation of kindergarten music appreciation ability, with children aged 3 to 7 as the research object, through the experimental method, music mood type, music type and mood valence as independent variables, to explore the development characteristics of children’s music mood understanding. The results show that the overall level of musical emotional understanding of children aged 1.3 to 7 years increases with age but decreases slightly; vocal work recognition and positive emotional understanding from 2.3 to 6, high emotional understanding, music type, emotional valence and emotional awareness are better than boys. Future research can diversify the selection of music emotion type and sample size.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0501005
  • 引用: 赵晓杰,华晓迪,张玉颖.3~7岁儿童音乐情绪理解的发展特点研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2023,5(1):38-52.
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