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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

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近十年大学生职业生涯规划影响因素研究最新进展及启示 ——基于2010—2023 年23 篇文献的系统性文献综述法

Recent Progress and Implications of the Research on Influencing Factors of College Students’ Career Planning in Recent Ten Years —Systematic Literature Review Method based on 23 Literatures from 2010 to 2023

中国心理学前沿 / 2023,5(8):907-914 / 2023-08-30 look140 look211
  • 作者: 梅玲      贺霞      王梦     
  • 单位:
    武汉文理学院,武汉
  • 关键词: 大学生;职业生涯规划;影响因素;系统性文献综述
  • College students; Career planning; Influencing factors; Systematic literature review
  • 摘要: 为厘清国内近十年间(2010—2023年)大学生职业生涯规划领域研究的最新进展,该研究采用系统性文献综述法,选取中国知网数据库中的23篇高质量研究论文,从研究对象、研究方法、研究结果三个方面进行统计分析,得出以下结论:(1)从研究对象上看,目前大学生职业生涯规划影响因素的研究对象主要集中于大一至大四的本科生。此外,研究样本中500人左右的样本量占大多数;(2)从研究方法上看,研究工具大多采用自编问卷,少数直接借鉴已有信效度良好的问卷。数据收集方法方面,目前大学生职业生涯规划影响因素的实证研究更多集中于采用问卷调查法收集学生的数据;(3)从研究结果上看,多数研究从学生的自我效能感、自我概念、价值取向等自身方面进行研究,也有将学校、家庭和社会等外在因素与内在因素相结合的讨论。最后,探讨了该研究对大学生职业生涯规划影响因素研究带来的启示,以期促进我国职业生涯规划的发展,进而促进大学生健康就业。
  • In order to clarify the latest research progress in the field of college students’ career planningin China in recent ten years (2010-2023), this study adopts the systematic literature review method,selects 23 high-quality research papers from CNKI database, and makes statistical analysis from threeaspects: research object, research method and research results. The following conclusions are drawn:(1) From the perspective of research objects, the current research objects on influencing factors of collegestudents’ career planning mainly focus on freshmen to seniors. In addition, the sample size is mainlyabout 500 people, accounting for the majority; (2) From the perspective of research methods, most of theresearch tools are self-compiled questionnaires, and a few directly learn from existing questionnaires withgood reliability and validity. In terms of data collection methods, the current empirical research on theinfluencing factors of college students’ career planning focuses more on the use of questionnaire surveyto collect students’ data. (3) In terms of research results, most studies focus on students’ self-efficacy, selfconcept,value orientation and other aspects, and there are also discussions that combine external factorssuch as school, family and society with internal factors. Finally, this paper discusses the implications of thestudy on the influencing factors of college students’ career planning, in order to promote the developmentof career planning in China and promote the healthy employment of college students.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0508105
  • 引用: 梅玲,贺霞,王梦.近十年大学生职业生涯规划影响因素研究最新进展及启示——基于2010—2023年23篇文献的系统性文献综述法[J].中国心理学前沿,2023,5(8):907-914.
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