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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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特殊儿童家长心理状态及亲子关系状况的调查研究

Investigation on Mental State and Parent-child Relationship of Parents of Children with Special Education Needs

中国心理学前沿 / 2024,6(5):863-870 / 2024-06-14 look76 look76
  • 作者: 张健坤     
  • 单位:
    北京工业大学耿丹学院,北京
  • 关键词: 特殊儿童家长;心理状态;亲子关系
  • Parents of children with special education needs; Mental state ; Parent-child relationship
  • 摘要: 特殊儿童家长的教育方式、心理状态和亲子关系对于孩子未来成长起到重要作用,本研究采取问卷调查的方法,对202名特殊儿童家长感知到的压力状态、情绪情感、亲子关系、教育期望等方面的情况进行调查,结果显示,特殊儿童家长普遍感受到较大的压力,特殊儿童家庭亲子关系以亲密融洽为主,家长的期望聚焦于特殊儿童独立生活。据此提出如下建议:(1)加强对特殊儿童家长的心理支持;(2)培养关键能力为特殊儿童融入社会奠定基础;(3)完善特殊儿童社会支持体系。
  • The mental state and parent-child relationship of parents of children with special educationneeds play an important role in the future growth of children. This study adopts the method ofquestionnaire survey to investigate the perceived pressure state, emotion, parent-child relationship,educational expectation and other aspects of 202 parents of children with special education needs. Theresults show that parents of children with special education needs generally feel greater pressure. Theparent-child relationship of the family is mainly intimate and harmonious, and the parents’ expectationfocuses on the independent life of the children with special education needs. Therefore, the followingsuggestions are put forward: (1) Psychological support for parents of special children is supposed to bestrengthened; (2) Developing key competencies to lay the foundation for the social integration of childrenwith special education needs; (3) Improving the social support system for children with special needs.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0605098
  • 引用: 张健坤.特殊儿童家长心理状态及亲子关系状况的调查研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2024,6(5):863-870.
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