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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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天津市女性公务员生育意愿及影响因素研究

Study on Fertility Intention and Influencing Factors of Female Civil Servants in Tianjin

中国心理学前沿 / 2024,6(4):641-650 / 2024-04-28 look62 look66
  • 作者: 张绍兴     
  • 单位:
    天津行政学院,天津
  • 关键词: 女性公务员;生育意愿;影响因素
  • Female civil servants; Fertility intention; Influencing factor
  • 摘要: 为了了解全面实施“三孩政策”后天津市女性公务员生育意愿及影响因素。于2022年12月—2023年3月对天津市育龄女性公务员采取方便抽样法进行调查研究,运用独立样本t检验、方差分析、多线回归等方法分析育龄女性公务员生育意愿及影响因素。结果:(1)14.1%的育龄女性公务员不想生育、39.9%的育龄女性理想子女数为1孩,理想子女数2孩及以上的育龄女性公务员占到46%;29.6%的育龄女性公务员未完成生育行为、43.2%的女性完成1孩生育、27.2%的完成2孩生育,生育3孩者为0.0%;(2)成长环境、居住区域、学历水平和月收入对育龄女性公务员的生育意愿有显著影响;(3)生育价值观(家庭情感价值、追求功利、内部偏好、投入准备)、生活质量(物质生活:住房、社区服务、经济状况;躯体功能:睡眠与精神、躯体不适感;社会功能:人际交往能力、婚姻与家庭;心理功能:正性情绪、负性情绪;生活质量总体评价)社会支持(支持利用度)是影响育龄女性公务员生育意愿的重要因子。
  • In order to understand the fertility intention and influencing factors of female civil servants inTianjin after the full implementation of the “three-child policy”. From December 2022 to March 2023,convenient sampling method was adopted to investigate and study female civil servants of childbearingage in Tianjin, and independent sample T-test, analysis of variance, multi-line regression and othermethods were used to analyze the reproductive intention and influencing factors of female civil servantsof childbearing age. Results: (1) 14.1% of the female civil servants of childbearing age did not want to havechildren, 39.9% of the female civil servants of childbearing age had an ideal number of 1 child, and 46%of the female civil servants of childbearing age had an ideal number of 2 children or more. 29.6 percentof female civil servants of childbearing age did not give birth, 43.2 percent had one child, 27.2 percenthad two children, and 0.0 percent had three children; (2) Growth environment, living area, educationallevel and monthly income have significant effects on the reproductive intention of female civil servants ofchildbearing age; (3) Reproductive values (family emotional value, pursuit of utility, internal preference,input readiness), quality of life (material life: housing, community services, economic status; Physicalfunction: sleep and mental and physical discomfort; Social functions: interpersonal skills, marriage andfamily; Mental function: positive emotion, negative emotion; Social support (support availability) is animportant factor affecting reproductive intention of female civil servants of childbearing age.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0604073
  • 引用: 张绍兴.天津市女性公务员生育意愿及影响因素研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2024,6(4):641-650.
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