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中国心理学前沿

Psychology of China

ISSN Print: 2664-1798
ISSN Online: 2664-1801
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西南民族地区有留守经历青少年人际交往关系困扰现状及成因研究

A Study on the Status Quo and Causes of Interpersonal Relationship Disturbance of Left-Behind Adolescents in Southwest Ethnic Areas

中国心理学前沿 / 2024,6(4):610-618 / 2024-04-28 look54 look66
  • 作者: 庄君仪      李欣源      孟凡莹      杨凤书      李蕊      徐洋     
  • 单位:
    昆明医科大学海源学院,昆明
  • 关键词: 西南民族地区;留守经历青少年;人际交往
  • Southwest ethnic areas; Left-behind experience youth; Interpersonal communication
  • 摘要: 目的:测查西南民族地区有留守经历青少年人际交往中存在的问题的原因,为针对性实施改善西南民族地区有留守经历青少年人际交往问题提供依据。方法:运用中文版人际关系综合诊断量表测量西南民族地区有留守经历的160名青少年的人际交往能力。结果:(1)西南民族地区有留守经历青少年超过半数在人际交往上存在一定问题;(2)其中性别因素和亲属状况与人际交往能力均存在显著的统计差异;(3)导致西南地区有留守经历青少年出现人际交往问题主要是家庭背景、教育背景、个体背景三个原因。结论:西南民族地区有留守青少年的成长环境对其人际交往有着一定的影响,可以通过家庭、情感、学校三个层面改善西南民族地区留守儿童的成长环境,进而改善其人际交往。
  • Objective: To investigate the causes of the problems in interpersonal communication ofadolescents with left-behind experience in southwest ethnic minority areas, and to provide basis forthe targeted implementation of improving the interpersonal communication problems of adolescentswith left-behind experience in Southwest ethnic minority areas. Methods: The Chinese version of theInterpersonal Relationship Comprehensive Diagnostic Scale was used to measure the interpersonal skillsof 160 adolescents with left-behind experience in southwest ethnic areas. Results: (1) More than half of theadolescents with left-behind experience in southwest ethnic areas have some problems in interpersonalcommunication; (2) There are significant statistical differences among gender factors, relative status andinterpersonal skills; (3) Family background, educational background and individual background are thethree main reasons that lead to the interpersonal communication problems of left-behind adolescentsin Southwest China. Conclusion: The growth environment of left-behind children in southwest ethnicareas has a certain impact on their interpersonal communication. The growth environment of left-behindchildren in Southwest ethnic areas can be improved through family, emotion and school, so as to improvetheir interpersonal communication.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/pc.0604069
  • 引用: 庄君仪,李欣源,孟凡莹,等.西南民族地区有留守经历青少年人际交往关系困扰现状及成因研究[J].中国心理学前沿,2024,6(4):610-618.
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