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心理咨询理论与实践

Theory and Practice of Psychological Counseling

ISSN Print: 2664-1828
ISSN Online: 2664-1836
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一次单元团辅对具有童年创伤经历大学生亲密关系的干预研究

An Intervention Study on Intimate Relationships of College Students with Childhood Traumatic Experiences in a Unitary Group Support

心理咨询理论与实践 / 2023,5(5):378-390 / 2023-05-26 look218 look183
  • 作者: 罗艾琼¹      李博²     
  • 单位:
    1.西南民族大学,成都; 
    2.四川轻化工大学,自贡
    
  • 关键词: 大学生;童年创伤;亲密关系;一次单元团体辅导
  • An Intervention Study on Intimate Relationships of College Students with Childhood Traumatic Experiences in a Unitary Group Support
  • 摘要: 目的:探讨一次单元团辅对具有童年创伤经历大学生亲密关系的干预效果,为减少童年创伤的负性影响提供参考。方法:通过童年创伤经历量表筛选出54名童年创伤总分较高的大学生作为干预对象,采用实验组控制组前测后测实验设计,对实验组(n=27)进行以自尊为主题的一次单元团体辅导,控制组(n=27)不接受任何处理。采用亲密恐惧量表(FICQ)、自我效能感问卷(GSES)进行量化研究,半结构式访谈进行质性研究,检验干预效果。主要结果:(1)童年创伤经历总分在性别上存在差异性显著(t=1.079,p<0.05)。(2)对于自我效能感, 实验组前后测差异显著(F=28.508,p<0.05);在后测中,实验组与控制组之间差异显著(F=5.276,p <0.05)。(3)对于亲密恐惧,实验组控制组前后测亲密恐惧得分不存在显著差异,但前后测主效应处于边缘显著(p=0.066)。 (4)质性结果表明被试在接受团体辅导后可以从一个更加客观的角度评价自己的童年创伤经历,正确地界定创伤与自身的关系,同时努力去发现自身的闪光点。 结论:本次的一次单元团辅能够在一定程度上对具有童年创伤经历大学生亲密关系进行干预。
  • Objective: To explore the intervention effects of a single unit group counseling on intimate relationships of college students with childhood trauma experiences, and to provide a reference for reducing the negative effects of childhood trauma. Methods: fifty-four college students with high total scores of childhood trauma were screened by the Childhood Trauma Experience Scale as intervention subjects, and a pretest-posttest experimental design was adopted for the experimental control group, and a one-time unit group counseling with the theme of self-esteem was conducted for the experimental group (n=27), while the control group (n=27) did not receive any treatment. Quantitative studies were conducted using the Fear of Intimacy Scale (FICQ), Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (GSES), and qualitative studies using semi-structured interviews to test the intervention effects. Main results: (1) There was a significant difference in the total score of childhood traumatic experiences by gender (t=1.079, p<0.05). (2) For self-efficacy, there was a significant difference between the experimental group on the pre-test and post-test (F=28.508, p<0.05); in the post-test, there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (F=5.276, p<0.05). (3) For intimacy fear, there was no significant difference in intimacy fear scores between the experimental control group on the pre and post test, but the main effect on the pre and post test was borderline significant (p=0.066). (4) The qualitative results showed that the subjects could evaluate their childhood traumatic experiences from a more objective perspective after receiving group counseling, and correctly define the relationship between trauma and themselves, while trying to discover their own shining points. Conclusion: This unit group counseling can intervene in the intimate relationship of college students with childhood trauma experience to a certain extent.
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.35534/tppc.0505035
  • 引用: 罗艾琼,李博.一次单元团辅对具有童年创伤经历大学生亲密关系的干预研究[J].心理咨询理论与实践,2023,5(5):378-390. 
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